RESEARCH PAPER
Measurements of dynamic friction characteristics of the belt-pulley contact under dry conditions
 
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Mechanics, University of Bielsko-Biała, Polska
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Krzysztof Kubas   

Department of Mechanics, University of Bielsko-Biała, Willowa 2, 43-309, Bielsko-Biała, Polska
Publish date: 2019-06-28
Submission date: 2019-04-29
Final revision date: 2019-06-15
Acceptance date: 2019-06-19
 
The Archives of Automotive Engineering – Archiwum Motoryzacji 2019;84(2):71–90
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The paper presents the results of measurements of friction forces achieved by forcing slip between a poly-V 5pk belt and the pulley needed to formulate empirical models of dynamic friction. This kind of belt and pulley can be found in automotive industry to drive the alternator and coolant pump in cars. The forces were measured for several cases of assumed preload and two cases of wrap angle. The complicated stick and slip processes are simplified by assuming an average effective dynamic friction coefficient. The results show that the values of friction cannot be described by classic Euler formula. They not only depend on the velocity, but also noticed that can depend on sign of acceleration. Also, some results of the approximation are presented. It is proposed that the assumed norm will be minimised using the Nelder-Mead optimisation method. The measurements and the approximation let assume specified dynamic friction characteristics. The achieved results are applied to the model of a belt transmission. In the paper presented results of simulations of the model of belt transmission.
 
REFERENCES (16)
1.
Bechtel S.E., Vohra S., Jacob K.I., Carlson C.D.: The stretching and slipping of belts and fibers on pulleys, Journal of Applied Mechanics, 67, 2000, 197-206, DOI: 10.1115/1.321164.
 
2.
Čepon G., Boltežar M.: Dynamics of a belt-drive system using a linear complementarity problem for the belt-pulley contact description, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 319, 2009, 1019-1035, DOI: 10.1016/j.jsv.2008.07.005.
 
3.
Čepon G., Manin L., Boltežar M.: Experimental identification of the contact parameters between a V-ribbed belt and a pulley, Mechanism and Machine Theory, 45, 2010, 1424-1433, DOI: 10.1016/j.mechmachtheory.2010.05.006.
 
4.
Čepon G., Manin L., Boltežar M.: Introduction of damping into the flexible multibody belt-drive model: A numerical and experimental investigation, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 324, 2009, 283-296, DOI: 10.1016/j.jsv.2009.02.001.
 
5.
Chen G.(S.), Lee J.H., Narravula V., Kitchin T.: Friction and noise of rubber belt in low temperature condition. The influence of interfacial ice film, Cold Regions Science and Technology, 71, 2012, 95-101, DOI: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2011.10.007.
 
6.
Cruz Gómez M.A., Gallardo-Hernández E.A., Vite Torres M., Peña Bautista A.: Rubber steel friction in contaminated contacts, Wear, 302, 2013, 1421-1425, DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2013.01.087.
 
7.
Fawcett J.N.: Chain and belt drives – a review, Shock Vibrations Digest, 13(5), 1981, 5-12, DOI: 10.1177/058310248101300503.
 
8.
Kim D., Leamy M.J., Ferri A.A.: Dynamic Modeling and Stability Analysis of Flat Belt Drives Using an Elastic/Perfectly Plastic Friction Law, ASME Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, 133, 2011,1-10, DOI: 10.1115/1.4003796.
 
9.
Kubas K.: A model for the dynamic analysis of a belt transmission using the Dahl friction model, Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 55, 4, 2017, 1423-1435, DOI: 10.15632/jtam-pl.55.4.1423.
 
10.
Leamy M.J., Wasfy T.M.: Analysis of belt-drive mechanics using a creep-rate-dependent friction law, Journal of Applied Mechanics, Transactions of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 69, 6, 2002, 763-771, DOI: 10.1115/1.1488663.
 
11.
Leamy M.J., Wasfy T.M.: Transient and Steady-State Dynamic Finite Element Modeling of Belt-Drives, ASME Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, 124, 4, 2002, 575-581, DOI: 10.1115/1.1513793.
 
12.
Li K.W., Chen C.J. The effect of shoe soling thread groove width on the coefficient of friction with different sole materials, floors, and contaminants, Applied Ergonomics, 35, 2004, 499-507, DOI: 10.1016/j.apergo.2004.06.010.
 
13.
Manin L., Lorenzon C., Saad H.: Belt-pulley friction coefficient, experimental analysis: Influence of the Poly-V belt material components and contact pressure, Proceedings of the International Conference on Power Transmissions, Chongqing, China, 2016, DOI: 10.1201/9781315386829-9.
 
14.
Manin L., Liang X., Lorenzon C.: Power losses prediction in poly-v belt transmissions: application to front engine accessory drives, Proceedings of International Gear Conference, Lyon, France, 2014, 1162-1171, DOI: 10.1533/9781782421955.1162.
 
15.
Mofidi M., Kassfeldt E., Prakash B.: Tribological behaviour of an elastomer aged in different oils, Tribology International, 41, 2008, 860-866, DOI: 10.1016/j.triboint.2007.11.013.
 
16.
Sheng G., Lee J.H., Narravula V., Song D.: Experimental characterization and analysis of wet belt friction and the vibro-acoustic behavior, Tribology International, 44, 2011, 258-265, DOI: 10.1016/j.triboint.2010.10.025.
 
eISSN:2084-476X