More details
Hide details
Department of Process Equipment, Lodz University of Technology, Polska
Department of Vehicles and Fundamentals of Machine Design, Lodz University of Technology, Polska
Faculty of Transport and Traffic Sciences, University of Zagreb, Vukelićeva ul. 4, 10000, Zagreb, Croatia
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Žilina, Department of Transport and Handling Machines, Univerzitná 8215/1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovak Republic
Submission date: 2019-01-30
Final revision date: 2019-02-23
Acceptance date: 2019-03-05
Publication date: 2019-03-29
Corresponding author
Przemyslaw Kubiak   

Department of Vehicles and Fundamentals of Machine Design, Lodz University of Technology, 116 Zeromski Str.,, 90-924, Lodz, Polska
The Archives of Automotive Engineering – Archiwum Motoryzacji 2019;83(1):23-42
This paper presents calculations of the theoretical cycle of engines with an active combustion chamber depending on energy delivery and dissipation. In the case of ACC engines, a different calculation approach is required to account for the possibility of additional volume change, independent of the piston-crank system. The introduction presents a schematic diagram of volume change, accomplished by two independent piston-crank systems and an active combustion chamber, as proposed by the authors. Moreover, the diagram, which is the basis for analysis in this paper, illustrates characteristic points of the cycle. In existing theoretical cycles of combustion, this issue does not present any difficulties, since the solution is exact and based on known equations. In the case of theoretical ACC engines, however, the situation is different, since this engine can perform not only in typical cycles, but also in new ones. To explain the challenges of these new cycles, authors present a few of the most probable calculation variants, taking into account the new kinematic capabilities of ACC engines. Each comment justifying the choice of a certain calculation variant is illustrated with a theoretical cycle figure and closest approximation of induced pressure course of the ACC engine. At the same time, however, the authors show that this problem can have many interpretations. It has been concluded that the solution depends on the assumptions made about the active combustion chamber, namely its principle of operation.
Alkidas AC. Heat Transfer Characteristics of a Spark-Ignition Engine. ASME. J. Heat Transfer. 1980;102(2):189-193., doi:10.1115/1.3244258.
Angulo-Brown F, Fernandez-Betanzos J, Diaz-Pico CA. Compression ratio of an optimized air standard Otto-cycle model. (1994) European Journal of Physics, 15 (1), art. no. 007, pp. 38-42., doi: 10.1088/0143-0807/15/1/007.
Beale WT, inventor; Sunpower, Inc., assignee. Free piston internal combustion engine. United States patent US 6,170,442. 2001 Jan 9.
Chen L, Wu C, Sun F, Cao S. Heat transfer effects on the network output and efficiency characteristics for an air-standard Otto cycle. (1998) Energy Conversion and Management, 39 (7), pp. 643-648,. doi: 10.1016/S0196-8904(97)10003-6.
Colton, R. J. Automatic booster piston for internal combustion engines. U.S. Patent 2,914,047, issued 1959, Nov 24.
Dabrowski A, Glogowski M, Kubiak P. Improving the efficiency of four-stroke engine with use of the pneumatic energy accumulator-simulations and examination. International Journal of Automotive Technology. (2016) Aug 1;17(4):581-90., doi: 10.1007/s12239-016-0058-1.
Douaud AM, Eyzat P. Four-octane-number method for predicting the anti-knock behavior of fuels and engines. (1978) SAE Technical Papers., doi: 10.4271/780080.
Fukuzawa Y, Shimoda H, Kakuhama Y, Endo H, Tanaka K. Development of high efficiency Miller cycle gas engine. (2001) Technical Review - Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, 38 (3), pp. 146-150.
Ge Y, Chen L, Sun F, Wu C. Performance of an Atkinson cycle with heat transfer, friction and variable specific-heats of the working fluid. Applied Energy. 2006 Nov 30;83(11):1210-21. Doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2005.12.003.
Ghojel JI. Review of the development and applications of the Wiebe function: a tribute to the contribution of Ivan Wiebe to engine research. (2010) International Journal of Engine Research, 11 (4), pp. 297-312.,doi: 10.1243/14680874JER06510.
Guy E, inventor; Guy, Evan, assignee. Fuel tolerant combustion engine with reduced knock sensitivity. United States patent US 5,476,072. 1995 Dec 19.
Haraldsson G, Tunestål P, Johansson B, Hyvönen J. HCCI combustion phasing in a multi cylinder engine using variable compression ratio. SAE Technical Paper; 2002 Oct 21., doi: 10.4271/2002-01-2858.
Haraldsson G, Tunestål P, Johansson B, Hyvönen J. HCCI combustion phasing with closed-loop combustion control using variable compression ratio in a multi cylinder engine. SAE Technical Paper; 2003 May 19., doi: 10.4271/2003-01-1830.
Heywood J. Internal combustion engine fundamentals. McGraw-Hill Education; 1988 Apr 1.
Hoffmann KH, Watowich SJ, Berry RS. Optimal paths for thermodynamic systems: the ideal Diesel cycle. Journal of Applied Physics. 1985 Sep 15;58(6):2125-34. Doi: 10.1063/1.335977.
Howard, G.E. Internal Combustion Motor. U.S. Patent No. 2,419,450. Issued 1947, Apr 22.
Kanesaka H, inventor; Usui Kokusai Sangyo Kaisha, Ltd., assignee. Otto-cycle engine. United States patent US 5,123,388. 1992 Jun 23.
Kirke, and Others Improvements in internal combustion engines. GB190827740A. 1908.
Sabathe LG, inventor. Internal-combustion engine. United States patent US 883,240. 1908 Mar 31.
Shadloo MS, Poultangari R, Jamalabadi MA, Rashidi MM. A new and efficient mechanism for spark ignition engines, (2015) Energy Conversion and Management, 96, art. no. 6984, pp. 418-429., doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2015.03.017.
Turner JW, Blundell DW, Pearson RJ, Patel R, Larkman DB, Burke P, Richardson S, Green NM, Brewster S, Kenny RG, Kee RJ. Project omnivore: a variable compression ratio ATAC 2-stroke engine for Ultra-wide-range HCCI operation on a variety of fuels. (2010) SAE International Journal of Engines, 3 (1), pp. 938-955., doi: 10.4271/2010-01-1249.
William, T. (1997). Beale Free piston internal combustion engine. U.S. Patent No 6170442 B1.
Woschni G. A universally applicable equation for the instantaneous heat transfer coefficient in the internal combustion engine. SAE Technical paper; 1967 Feb 1., doi: 10.4271/670931.
High compression spark ignition engine with Variable Compression Ratio using Active Combustion Chamber.
Przemyslaw Kubiak, Michal Glogowski, Tigran Soghabatyan, Adam Mrowicki, Gianluca D'Errico
The Archives of Automotive Engineering – Archiwum Motoryzacji
Study on selected parameters of engine with the active combustion chamber
Michal Glogowski, Marek Wozniak, Tomasz Szydłowski, Krzysztof Siczek
Combustion Engines
Declaration of availability
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top