The effect of fuel on the energy consumption and production of greenhouse gases in transport
More details
Hide details
Department of Industrial Engineering, Stellenbosch University
Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and Communication, University of Zilina
Faculty of Technology, Institute of Technology and Business in České Budějovice
Submission date: 2018-12-12
Final revision date: 2018-12-18
Acceptance date: 2018-12-18
Publication date: 2018-12-31
Corresponding author
Pieter Daniel Francois Conradie   

Department of Industrial Engineering, Stellenbosch University
The Archives of Automotive Engineering – Archiwum Motoryzacji 2018;82(4):5–14
Nowadays, the environmental aspects of transport are very actual issues, mainly the energy consumption and GHG production. The priority of EU transport strategy is to decrease the negative environmental impacts of all transport modes. The article discusses the calculation of the energy consumption and production of greenhouse gases in transport from both the primary and secondary points of view. This means, that it reflects the implications on the environment not only while operating the vehicle, but also during production, refining, distribution and storage of the fuel used in transport. The calculation is done by using the methodology of the standard EN 16 258:2012. This standard is used on all cars using various types of propellants. The results of the calculation show in a non-discriminatory manner the energy effectiveness of the individual types of fuel, as well as the rate of their production of greenhouse gases expressed in a comparison unit of equivalent CO2e.
Baric D., Zovak G., Perisa M. Effects of eco-drive education on the reduction of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions, Promet-trafic&transportation, vol. 25, issue: 3, pp. 265-272, 2013, DOI: 10.7307/ptt.v25i3.1260.
Mruzek, M., Gajdac I., Kucera L.,Barta D. Analysis of Parameters Influencing Electric Vehicle Range. PROCEEDINGS OF THE 9TH INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE (TRANSBALTICA 2015), vol. 134, pp. 165-174, 2016, DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2016.01.056.
Barth M., Boriboonsomsin K. Energy and Emissions Impacts of a Freeway-Based Dynamic Eco-Driving System. Transportation Research, Part D: Transport and Environment, vol. 14, pp.400-410, 2009, DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2009.01.004.
European standard EN 16 258:2012. Methodology for calculation and declaration of energy consumption and GHG emissions of transport services (freight and passengers).
Fontaras G. et al. An Experimental Methodology for Measuring of Aerodynamic Resistances of Heavy Duty Vehicles in the Framework of European CO2 Emissions Monitoring Scheme. SAE Int. J. Commer.Veh, vol. 7, pp. 102-110, 2014, DOI: 10.4271/2014-01-0595.
Hlatka M., Bartuska L. Comparing the calculations of energy consumption and greenhouse gases emissions of passenger transport service, NASE MORE, vol. 65, issue 4, pp. 224-229, 2018, DOI: 10.17818/NM/2018/4SI.11.
ISO 14064-1:2006: Greenhouse gases -- Part 1: Specification with guidance at the organization level for quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions and removals.
Jereb B., Kumperščak S., Bratina T. The Impact of Traffic Flow on Fuel Consumption Increase in the Urban Environment. FME Transactions, vol. 46, pp. 278-284, 2018, DOI: 10.5937/fmet1802278J.
Johansson I., Jin J., Ma X., Pettersson H. Look-ahead speed planning for heavy-duty vehicle platoons using traffic information. Transportation Research Procedia, vol. 22, pp. 561-569, 2017, DOI: 10.1016/j.trpro.2017.03.045.
Jurkovic M., Kalina T., Teixeira A. F. Possibilities of using alternative fuels for transport solution in Brazil. Proceedings of the 21st international scientific conference Transport means 2017, Kaunas, Lithuania, pp. 724-728, 2017.
Kalincak D., Bartik L., Grencik J. The hybrid traction – the way of fuel utilization improvement. Facta universitatis-series mechanical engineering, Nis, Serbia, vol. 10, issue 2, pp. 163-170, 2012.
Kobryn J., Figlus T. Similarity numbers in the-zone combustion model. Scientific journal of Silesian university of technology-series transport, Gliwice, Poland, vol. 67, pp. 75-82, 2010.
Konečný V., Petro F. Calculation of selected emissions from transport services in road public transport. MATEC Web of Conferences, vol 134, November 2017, DOI: 10.1051/matecconf/201713400026.
Kovács G., Gubán M. Planning of Optimal Fuel Supply of International Transport Activity. Periodica Polytechnica Transportation Engineering, vol. 45, pp. 186-195, 2017, DOI: 10.3311/PPtr.10843.
Lizbetin J., Hlatka M., Bartuska L. Issues Concerning Declared Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of FAME Biofuels. Sustainability, vol. 10, issue 9, article Nr. 3025, DOI: 10.3390/su10093025.
Ondrus J., Cernicky L. Usage of polcam device for parameter monitoring and traffic flow modelling. Communications - Scientific Letters of the University of Zilina, vol. 18, pp. 118-123, 2016.
Polcar A., Cupera J., Kumbar V. Calibration and its use in measuring fuel consumption with the can-bus network. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, vol. 64, issue 2, pp. 503-507, 2016, DOI:10.11118/actaun201664020503.
Rajamani R. Vehicle dynamics and control, Springer, New York, 2012.
Sarkan B., Caban J., Marczuk A., Vrábel J., Gnap J. Composition of exhaust gases of spark ignition engines under conditions of periodic inspection of vehicles in Slovakia. Przemysl Chemiczny, vol. 96, issue 3, pp. 675-680, DOI: 10.15199/62.2017.3.36.
Rievaj V., Synak F. Does electric car produce emissions? Scientific Journal of Silesian University of Technology - Series Transport, vol. 94, pp. 187-197, 2017, DOI: 10.20858/sjsutst.2017.94.17.
Sarkan B., Holesa L., Caban J. Measurement of fuel consumption of road motor vehicle by outdoor driving testing. Advances in science and technology-research journal, vol. 7, issue 19, pp. 70-74, 2013, DOI: 10.5604/20804075.1062374.
Sipus D., Abramovic B. The possibility of using public transport in rural area. 12-th international scientific conference of young scientists on sustainable, modern and safe transport, book series: Procedia Engineering, vol. 192, pp. 788-793, 2017, DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.06.136.
Skrucany T., Harantová V., Kendra M., Barta, D. Reducing energy consumption by passenger car with using of non-electrical hybrid drive technology. Advances in science and technology research journal, vol. 11, no. 1, pp.166-172, 2017, DOI: 10.12913/22998624/66505.
Stoilova S. Study of the efficiency of motorail trains as a factor in transport development. SGEM 2016, BK 2: Political sciences, law, finance, economics and turism conference proceedings, vol. V, book series: International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conferences on Social Sciences and Arts, pp. 627-634, 2016.
Technical annex to the SEAP template instructions document: The emission factors. Document of The European Commission.
Zamboni G., André M., Roveda A., Capobianco M. Experimental evaluation of Heavy Duty Vehicle speed patterns in urban and port areas and estimation of their fuel consumption and exhaust emissions. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, vol. 35, pp. 1-10, March 2015, DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2014.11.024.
Assessment of Total Costs of Ownership for Midsize Passenger Cars with Conventional and Alternative Drive Trains
Emilia Szumska, Rafal Jurecki, Marek Pawelczyk
Communications - Scientific letters of the University of Zilina
Neural Network Model of Assessing the Technical Condition of the Power Unit of a Hybrid Vehicle
Tetiana Bazhynova, Oleksandr Kravchenko, Dalibor Barta, Oleh Haievyi, Vladimir Pavelcik
2020 XII International Science-Technical Conference AUTOMOTIVE SAFETY
Bulky Vehicles Recycling. Part 1 - Conditions for Recycling
Anna Matuszewska, Piotr Wieczorek, Izabela Samson-Bręk
Studia Ecologiae et Bioethicae
Innovative approach to electric vehicle diagnostics
Arkadiusz Małek, Rodolfo Taccani
The Archives of Automotive Engineering – Archiwum Motoryzacji
Long-term test of an electric vehicle charged from a photovoltaic carport
Arkadiusz Małek, Rodolfo Taccani
The Archives of Automotive Engineering – Archiwum Motoryzacji
Selection of the photovoltaic system power for the electric vehicle
Arkadiusz Małek, Andrzej Marciniak
The Archives of Automotive Engineering – Archiwum Motoryzacji
Declaration of availability