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Automotive Engineering and Transport, Kielce University of Technology, Polska
Submission date: 2019-02-21
Final revision date: 2019-03-22
Acceptance date: 2019-03-22
Publication date: 2019-03-29
Corresponding author
Rafał Stanisław Jurecki   

Automotive Engineering and Transport, Kielce University of Technology, al. Tysiaclecia PP 7, 25-413, Kielce, Polska
The Archives of Automotive Engineering – Archiwum Motoryzacji 2019;83(1):151-173
The aim of this study was to analyse the driver behaviour in simple and complex car-following situations under day- and night-time lighting conditions (four scenarios). Nearly 70 drivers participated in the tests, each taking several trials, during which they were exposed to randomly selected situations. The tests involved driving along a two-lane motorway with a vehicle in front and responding to its sudden braking. Different distances between the vehicles were simulated. The scenarios varied in complexity ranging from none to some vehicles around the subject vehicle. The study involved measuring different reaction times, i.e. the time to release the accelerator pedal, the time to apply the brake pedal and the time to start steering, to find out how the particular emergency manoeuvres contribute to the occurrence of collisions in the four scenarios. The results show that both the complexity of a road situation as well as the lighting conditions determine the type of emergency manoeuvre undertaken and the time of the driver reaction.
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