Selected vehicle monitoring problems with the "e-Call" system taken as an example
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Military University of Technology (WAT), Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Automotive Industry Institute
Publication date: 2013-07-19
The Archives of Automotive Engineering – Archiwum Motoryzacji 2013;61(3):25–41
The paper is dedicated to the problems of monitoring of road vehicles, especially "intelligent" motor vehicles provided with an e-Call system (a safety system with an automatic accident notification function). Following the introduction into the vehicle monitoring issues and presentation in outline of a concept of the e-Call system, supplemented with a list of major relevant documents and draft international and national standards, in particular those concerning the so-called Minimum Set of Data (MSD), the paper in its subsequent part has been focused on the methods of automation of the identification and assessment of effects of vehicle collision accidents. Two methods related to the vital functions of vehicle occupants have been considered: one based on signals obtained from deceleration sensors and another one where signals from pulse sensors and camera images would be used. The possibilities of using the HIC (Head Injury Criterion) indicator by correlating its values with values of the biomedical indicator AIS (Abbreviated Injury Scale), which numerically defines the injury severity degree, have been analysed. Results of tests carried out at the Automotive Industry Institute (PIMOT) wit h the use of both a crash test stand and computer simulation have been cited. The tests were performed on a Suzuki Swift passenger car.