The analysis of energy recovered by an electric vehicle during selected braking manoeuvres
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Faculty of Mechatronics and Mechanical Engineering, Kielce University of Technology, Polska
Faculty of Mechatronics and Mechanical Engineering,, Kielce University of Technology
Submission date: 2023-01-02
Final revision date: 2023-02-21
Acceptance date: 2023-03-10
Publication date: 2023-03-31
Corresponding author
Emilia Szumska   

Faculty of Mechatronics and Mechanical Engineering, Kielce University of Technology, Al. Tysiąclecia P.P. 7, 25-314, Kielce, Polska
The Archives of Automotive Engineering – Archiwum Motoryzacji 2023;99(1):18-29
Electrical vehicles have the ability to partially recover some kinetic energy during braking. Kinetic energy is transformed into electric energy, which is fed to the battery by the control system and stored there for further use. The aim of this paper was to analyse the levels of energy recovered by an electric vehicle during braking at various speeds and with different braking intensities. The first phase of testing consisted of vehicle braking tests in real-life conditions. The registered speed profiles were then used as input data for the simulation software. The authors have also analysed the effect of the state of charge of the battery and of the vehicle’s load on the amount of energy recovered during braking. The performed simulation tests demonstrated that the level of recovered energy is significantly affected by the initial braking speed and by the force of pressure applied to the brake pedal. The amount of recovered energy is less affected by the state of charge (SOC) of the battery and by the vehicle’s load. Energy regeneration during braking is currently an important research topic. The efficiency of an electric vehicle depends on the range, which can be extended thanks to the additional energy recovered during braking maneuvers. The presented preliminary simulation results are intended to assess the level of energy recovery in electric vehicles. The authors are aware that a full, comprehensive analysis requires additional research using electric vehicles that will verify the results presented in the paper.
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