The impact of the Covid -19 pandemic on the frequency of vehicle accidents in Poland
More details
Hide details
Kielce University of Technology
Submission date: 2023-02-23
Final revision date: 2023-03-23
Acceptance date: 2023-03-27
Publication date: 2023-03-31
Corresponding author
Damian Paweł Frej   

Kielce University of Technology, Kielce University of Technology
The Archives of Automotive Engineering – Archiwum Motoryzacji 2023;99(1):30-44
This article analyzes the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the intensity of road accidents in Poland. The pandemic affected not only the health of citizens, but also their preferences in terms of communication. It significantly inhibited the mobility of the society and increased the capacity of urban traffic during the rush hour of some cities. The article contains statistics on the number of road accidents that occurred in 2011-2021 and the number of people who died as a result of these accidents. The period from 2019 to 2021 was subjected to a detailed analysis in this respect. It was observed that during this period there was a significant decrease in the number of road accidents as well as a significant 30% decrease in people fatalities on the road. Such a large decline has not been recorded so far since Poland joined the European Union. The article presents a forecast of the number of people fatalities in road accidents in Poland in the years 2022-2030 (taking into account the pandemic period), which predicts an annual decline in the number of road fatalities by 7%. This article emphasizes that the duration of the Covid-19 virus pandemic should be treated as a transitional period. The decreasing number of road accidents as well as the number of fatalities in road accidents over the next years may change and their annual downward trend may not be maintained.
Alhajyaseen W.K.M., Almukdad A., Hussain Q., Almallah M., Al Malki M.A., Singaravelu J., et al.: Road safety status during COVID-19 pandemic: exploring public and road safety expert's opinions. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion. 2022, 29(2), 135–151, DOI: 10.1080/17457300.2021.1962915.
Barnes S.R., Philippe L., Jason B., Dongwoo H.: The Effect of COVID-19 Lockdown on Mobility and Traffic Accidents: Evidence from Louisiana, Global Labor Organization (GLO), Essen, 2020. GLO Discussion Paper, No. 616.
Bavel J.J.V., Baicker K., Boggio P.S., Capraro V., Cichocka A., Cikaraet M., al.: Using social and behavioural science to support COVID-19 pandemic response. Nature Human Behaviour. 2020, 4(5), 460–471, DOI: 10.1038/s41562-020-0884-z.
COVID-19 Economic Impact: Europe and Central Asia: (access on 23.01.2023).
European Commission, Communication From The Commission To The European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic And Social Committee And The Committee Of The Regions, Towards a European road safety area: policy orientations on road safety 2011–2020, Brussels, 20.7.2010. MEMO/10/343.
Fahy S., Moore J., Kelly M., Flannery O., Kenny P.: Analysing the variation in volume and nature of trauma presentations during COVID-19 lockdown in Ireland. Bone & Joint Open. 2020, 1(6), 261–266, DOI: 10.1302/2046-3758.16.BJO-2020-0040.R1.
Frej D., Ludwinek K.: Analysis of road accidents in 2002–2019 on the example of Poland. The Archives of Automotive Engineering – Archiwum Motoryzacji. 2020, 89(3), 5–18, DOI: 10.14669/AM.VOL89.ART1.
Gong Y., Lu P., Yang X.T.: Impact of COVID-19 on traffic safety from the "Lockdown" to the "New Normal": A case study of Utah. Accident analysis and prevention. 2023, 184, 106995, DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2023.106995.
Goniewicz K., Goniewicz M., Pawłowski W.: Urazowość w wypadkach drogowych w Polsce (Road traffic injuries in Poland). Transport Miejski i Regionalny. 2019, 15–18.
Gorzelanczyk P., Tylicki H.: Methodology for Optimizing Factors Affecting Road Accidents in Poland. Forecasting. 2023, 5(1), 336–350, DOI: 10.3390/forecast5010018.
Gupta M., Pawar N.M., Velaga N.R.: Impact of lockdown and change in mobility patterns on road fatalities during COVID-19 pandemic. Transportation Letters. 2021, 13(5–6), 447–460, DOI: 10.1080/19427867.2021.1892937.
Hassel E.V., Vanelslander T.: Impacts of COVID-19 and other pandemics on the freight transport, logistics and supply chains, and policy responses. Transport policy, special issue editorial. 2022, 128, 240–242, DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2022.09.014.
Jaśkiewicz M., Jaskólski J.: Wypadkowe dane statystyczne na polskich drogach w latach 2001-2016 (Accident statistics on Polish roads in 2001-2016). Autobusy: technika, eksploatacja, systemy transportowe. 2017, 9, 20–23.
Kubiak P., Woźniak M., Гeннaдьeвич К.B., Jóżwiak P., Ozuna G., Madziara S., et al.: The Method of Determining Velocity by Measuring the Vehicle-Body Deformation Plane Approximation Method. Transactions on Engineering Technologies. 2016, 43–57, DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-1088-0_4.
Lin L., Shi F., Li W.: Assessing inequality, irregularity, and severity regarding road traffic safety during COVID-19. Scientific Reports - Nature. 2021, 11, 13147, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-91392-z.
Ma Y., Xu J., Gao C., Tong X.: Impacts of COVID-19 Travel Restriction Policies on the Traffic Quality of the National and Provincial Trunk Highway Network: A Case Study of Shaanxi Province. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022, 19(15), 9387, DOI: 10.3390/ ijerph19159387.
Mrowicki A., Krukowski M., Turoboś F., Kubiak P.: Determining vehicle pre-crash speed in frontal barrier crashes using artificial neural network for intermediate car class. Forensic Science International. 2020, 308, 110179, DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2020.110179.
Nepelski M.: Wpływ środków transportu na śmiertelność uczestników ruchu drogowego w Unii Europejskiej (The impact of means of transport on the mortality of road users in the European Union). Nowa Polityka Wschodnia. 2021, 4(31), 107–123, DOI: 10.15804/npw20213106.
Podgórska A., Rajchel J.: Wypadki drogowe w Polsce i ich skutki (Road accidents in Poland and their consequences). Drogownictwo. 2019, 12, 347–354.
Przybylowski A., Stelmak S., Suchanek M.: Mobility behaviour in view of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic - public transport users in Gdansk case study. Sustainability. 2021, 13(1), 1-12, DOI: 10.3390/su13010364.
Qureshi A.I., Huang W., Khan S., Lobanova I., Siddiq F., Gomez C.R., et al.: Mandated Societal Lockdown and Road Traffic Accidents. Accident analysis and prevention. 2020, 146, 105747, DOI: 10.1016/J.AAP.2020.105747.
Relaunching transport and tourism in the EU after COVID-19: (access on 23.01.2023).
Road safety measures in the COVID transitional era – common High Level Group principles as we exit the crisis: https://road-safety.transport.... (access on 23.01.2023).
Road traffic injuries: (access on 23.01.2023).
Rosik P., Komornicki T., Duma P., Goliszek S.: The effect of border closure on road potential accessibility in the regions of the EU-27. The case of the COVID-19 pandemic. Transport Policy. 2022, 126, 188–198, DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2022.07.008.
Saladi´e O., Bustamante E., Guti´errez E.: COVID-19 lockdown and reduction of traffic accidents in Tarragona province, Spain. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. 2021, 8, 100218, DOI: 10.1016/j.trip.2020.100218.
Schulte-Fischedick M., Shan Y., Hubacek K.: Implications of COVID-19 lockdowns on surface passenger mobility and related CO2 emission changes in Europe. Applied Energy. 2021, 300, 117396, DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.117396.
Sedain B., Pant P.R.: Road traffic injuries in Nepal during COVID-19 lockdown. F1000Research. 2021, 9, 1209, DOI: 10.12688/f1000research.26281.3.
Sekadakis M., Katrakazas C., Michelaraki E., Kehagia F., Yannis G.: Analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on collisions, fatalities and injuries using time series forecasting: the case of Greece. Accident analysis and prevention. 2021, 162, 106391, DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106391.
Shaik E., Ahmed S.: An overview of the impact of COVID-19 on road traffic safety and travel behavior. Transportation Engineering. 2022, 9, 100119, DOI: 10.1016/j.treng.2022.100119.
Sharifi A., Khavarian-Garmsir A.R.: The COVID-19 pandemic: Impacts on cities and major lessons for urban planning, design, and management. Science of The Total Environment. 2020, 749, 142391, DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142391.
Stan Bezpieczeństwa Ruchu Drogowego (State Of Road Safety): (access on 23.01.2023).
Statystyki śmiertelności na drogach w UE (EU road fatality statistics): (access on 23.01.2023).
Wypadki Drogowe - Raporty Roczne (Road Accidents - Annual Reports): (access on 23.01.2023).
Yasin Y.J., Grivna M., Abu-Zidan F.M.: Global impact of COVID-19 pandemic on road traffic collisions. World Journal of Emergency Surgery. 2021, 16(1), 51, DOI: 10.1186/s13017-021-00395-8.
Declaration of availability
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top