PRACA ORYGINALNA
The importance of hybrid vehicles in urban traffic in terms of environmental impact
Branislav Šarkan 1  
,  
Jozef Gnap 1  
,  
 
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Department of Road and Urban Transport, University of Žilina, Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and Communications, Univerzitná 1, 010 26, Žilina, SK
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Branislav Šarkan   

Department of Road and Urban Transport, University of Žilina, Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and Communications, Univerzitná 1, 010 26, Žilina, SK
Data publikacji: 30-09-2019
Data nadesłania: 06-09-2019
Data ostatniej rewizji: 20-09-2019
Data akceptacji: 23-09-2019
 
The Archives of Automotive Engineering – Archiwum Motoryzacji 2019;85(3):115–122
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
DZIEDZINY
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU
Many large cities in Europe are currently trying to reduce the amount of harmful substances for the residents. Road transport is also an important source of air pollution. One way to reduce pollutant production is to operate more environmentally friendly vehicles. The paper analyses data obtained during practical tests of a hybrid vehicle in urban traffic. The individual components of the exhaust gases are calculated in g/km and they are compared with the values for conventional vehicle propulsion. The data was obtained through a commercially available exhaust gas analyzer and a calculated amount of emissions produced from available data from the engine control unit. The results shown that using of this type of propulsion has its importance in cities with increased air pollution. During urban operation, the hybrid-powered vehicle was powered by an electric engine up to 67.70 % (75.40 % of the time). As a result of operating such a vehicle in the city, emissions of CO2, HC and NOx are significantly lower.
 
REFERENCJE (20)
1.
Droździel P., Krzywonos L.: The estimation of the reliability of the first daily diesel engine start-up during its operation in the vehicle. Eksploatacja i Niezawodność, 2009, 41(1), 4–10.
 
2.
European Automobile Manufacturers Association, ACEA report, Vehicles in use, 2018, available at: https://www.acea.be/uploads/st... (accessed on 1 August 2019).
 
3.
Gagnom L., Dore G., Richard M. J.: An overview of various new road profile quality evaluation criteria: part 1. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, 2015, 16(3), 224-238, DOI: 10.1080/10298436.2014.942814.
 
4.
Hudak M., Madlenak R.: The research of driver distraction by visual smog on selected road stretch in Slovakia. Proceedings of the 16th International Scientific Conference Reliability and Statistics in Transportation and Communication. RELSTAT-2016. Procedia Engineering, 2017, 178, 472-479, DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.01.090.
 
5.
Kellner F., Otto A.: Allocating CO2 emissions to shipments in road freight transportation. Journal of Management Control. 2012, 22(4), 451-479, DOI: 10.1007/s00187-011-0143-6.
 
6.
Kubíková S., Kalašová A, Černický Ľ.: Microscopic simulation of optimal use of communication network. In Telematics - Support for Transport. TST 2014. Communications in Computer and Information Science: 414-423, 22-25, 2014, Katowice – Ustroń, Poland. ISBN 978-3-662-45316-2. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-45317-9_44.
 
7.
Kuranc A.: Exhaust emission test performance with the use of the signal from air flow meter, Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc. 2015, 17(1), 129-134, DOI: 10.17531/ein.2015.1.17.
 
8.
Ližbetin J., Hlatká M., Bartuška L.: Issues concerning declared energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of FAME biofuels. Sustainability. 2018, 10(9), 3025, DOI: 10.3390/su10093025.
 
9.
Machalikova J., Sejkorova M., Livorova M., Kocourek L., Corny, S.: Possibilities of reducing the consumption of lubricants in traffic. The 4th Czech-Slovak scientific conference: Transport, Health and Environment, 2010, 185-194.
 
10.
Ondruš, J., Vrábel J., Kolla E. The influence of the vehicle weight on the selected vehicle braking characteristics. In: Transport means 2018. Part I: Proceedings of the international scientific conference. 2018, 384-390.
 
11.
Osipowicz,T., Abramek K. F., Matuszak Z., Jaskiewicz M., Ludwinek K. A., Lagowski P.: The Concept of Annular Channels Application on the Spraying Nozzle Needle of Modern Fuel Injector in the Aspect of Combustion Process Improvement, 11th International Scientific and Technical Conference on Automotive Safety, Casta Papiernicka, Slovakia, 2018, DOI: 10.1109/AUTOSAFE.2018.8373305.
 
12.
Skrúcaný T., Semanová Š., Kendra M., Figlusz T., Vrábel J.: Measuring mechanical resistances of a heavy good vehicle by coastdown test. Advances in Science and Technology Research Journal. 2018, 12(2), 214-221, DOI: 10.12913/22998624/91889.
 
13.
Skrucany T., Synak F., Semanova S., Ondruš J., Rievaj V.: Detection of Road Vehicle's Centre of Gravity. XI International science – Technical Conference Automotive Safety. 2018. DOI: 10.1109/AUTOSAFE.2018.8373334.
 
14.
Skrúcaný T., Vrábel J., Kendra M., Kažimír. P.: Impact of cargo distribution on the vehicle flatback on braking distance in road freight transport. In: MATEC web of conferences. LOGI 2017 - 18th international scientific conference. České Budějovice, Czech Republic, October 19, 2017, 134, 00054, DOI: 10.1051/matecconf/201713400054.
 
15.
Slovak Environment Agency, Sector Indicator Report. Transport, Transport and Environment in Slovakia, 2017, available at: http://www.enviroportal.sk/upl... (accessed on 1 August 2019).
 
16.
Soriano F., Alvarez-Florez J., Moreno-Eguilaz M.: Experimentally Compared Fuel Consumption Modelling of Refuse Collecting Vehicles for Energy Optimization Purposes. SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 2014, 7(1), 324-336, DOI: 10.4271/2014-01-9023.
 
17.
Synák F., Rievaj V. : The Impact of Driving Resistances of a Vehicle on Global Pollution. 2017, 17 th International Scientific Conference Globalization and Its Socio-Economic Consequences, 2602-2609, ISBN 978-80-8154-212-1.
 
18.
Thomas J., Huff S., West B.: Fuel Economy and Emissions Effects of Low Tire Pressure, Open Windows, Roof Top and Hitch-Mounted Cargo, and Trailer. SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, 2014, 7(2), 862-872, DOI: 10.4271/2014-01-1614.
 
19.
Vojtíšek M., Kotek M.: Estimation of Engine Intake Air Mass Flow Using a Generic Speed-density Method. MECCA 01, 2014, 7-15, available at: http://www.medetox.cz/wp-conte... (accessed on 1 August 2019).
 
20.
Wasilewski J., Kuranc A, Szyszlak-Bargłowicz J., Stoma M., Słowik T., Barta D.: Assessment of efficiency of an agricultural tractor engine for different rotational speeds. Farm machinery and processes management in sustainable agriculture: symposium proceedings. Lublin: University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 2017, 406-410.
 
eISSN:2084-476X