Urban logistics of small electric vehicle charged from a photovoltaic carport
Arkadiusz Małek 1  
Monika Kośko 2  
More details
Hide details
University of Economics and Innovation in Lublin, ul. Projektowa 4, 20-209 Lublin
Ursus S.A., ul. Frezerów 7, 20-209 Lublin
Polish Air Force University, ul. Dywizjonu 303/35, 08-521 Dęblin
Publish date: 2018-12-31
Archiwum Motoryzacji 2018;82(4):63–75
The technology of photovoltaic solar cells can be combined with the technology of electric vehicles. During charging electric vehicles with Renewable Energy Sources (RES) as well as during their use to the atmosphere are not emitted any pollutions. The article presents a carport designed for charging electric vehicle. Paper analyzed the power course generated by the photovoltaic system in different weather conditions. As a result of the comparison with the current demands of the electric vehicle battery during the charging process the optimal way of battery charging process was discussed. Later in the article presents logistics research on charging battery of an urban vehicle used frequently by catering companies to distribute products. The authors’ aim was to determine the actual range of the small electric vehicle on a single charge, as well as to statistically compile driving parameters in conditions of urban traffic in Lublin. The process of using such a vehicle has been analyzed, including the necessary battery charging. On the basis of the tests results a set of recommendations for small electric cars users was made in order to help increase the range of the vehicles in traffic and lengthen battery life.
1. Aguado-Monsonet M., The enviromental impact of photovoltaic technology, EC Technical Report Series 1998.
2. Capasso C., Veneri O.: Experimental study of a DC charging station for full electric and plug in hybrid vehicles, Applied Energy, Volume 152, 15 August 2015, Pages 131-142.
3. Chung B., Park S., Kwon Ch.: Equitable distribution of recharging stations for electric vehicles, Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Volume 63, September 2018, Pages 1-11.
4. Hall F., Touzri J., Wußler S.: Experimental investigation of the thermal and cycling behavior of a lithium titanate-based lithium-ion pouch cell, Journal of Energy Storage, Volume 17, 2018, pp. 109-117.
5. Informator techniczny BOSCH, Napędy hybrydowe, ogniwa paliwowe i paliwa alternatywne, Wydawnictwo Komunikacji i Łączności, wydanie 1, Warszawa 2010.
6. Levinson R. S., West T. H.: Impact of public electric vehicle charging infrastructure, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 64, October 2018, Pages 158-177.
7. Małek A., Kowalczyk D., Analiza procesu ładowania pojazdu elektrycznego z fotowoltaicznych ogniw słonecznych. AUTOBUSY – Technika, Eksploatacja, Systemy Transportowe 6/2016.
8. Merkisz J., Pielecha J., Radzymirski S., Emisja zanieczyszczeń motoryzacyjnych w świetle nowych przepisów Unii Europejskiej, Wydawnictwo Komunikacji i Łączności, 2012.
9. Merkisz J., Pojazdy hybrydowe i elektryczne, a sprawa Polska. Instytut Transportu Samochodowego, Warszawa 2012.
10. Motoaki Y., Yi W., Salisbury S.: Empirical analysis of electric vehicle fast charging under cold temperatures, Energy Policy, Volume 122, November 2018, Pages 162-168.
11. Nitta N., Wu F., Lee J. T.: Li-ion battery materials: present and future, Materials Today, Volume 18, Issue 5, 2015, pp. 252-264.
12. Philipsen R., Brell T., Brost W.: Running on empty – Users’ charging behavior of electric vehicles versus traditional refuelling, Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, Volume 59, Part A, November 2018, Pages 475-492.
13. Raugei M., Hutchinson A., Morrey D.: Can electric vehicles significantly reduce our dependence on non-renewable energy? Scenarios of compact vehicles in the UK as a case in point, Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 201, 10 November 2018, Pages 1043-1051.
14. Rogge M., Wollny S., Sauer D. U., Fast Charging Battery Buses for the Electrification of Urban Public Transport – A Feasibility Study Focusing on Charging Infrastructure and Energy Storage Requirements, „Energies” 2015, No. 8.
15. Rudnicki T., Pojazdy z silnikami elektrycznymi. Zeszyty Problemowe – Maszyny Elektryczne Nr 80/2008.
16. Technology Roadmap Electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, Paris, OECD/IEA, 2011.
17. Wang L., Wang Z., Ju Q.: Characteristic Analysis of Lithium Titanate Battery, Energy Procedia, Volume 105, May 2017, Pages 4444-4449.
18. Wang Y., Chu Z., Feng X.: Overcharge durability of Li4Ti5O12 based lithium-ion batteries at low temperature, Journal of Energy Storage, Volume 19, October 2018, Pages 302-310.
19. Wang Y-W., Lin C-C., Lee T-J.: Electric vehicle tour planning, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 63, August 2018, Pages 121-136.
20. Yilmaz M., Krein P. T., Review of Battery Charger Topologies, Charging Power Levels, and Infrastructure for Plug-In Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, „IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics” 2013, Vol. 28, No. 5.
21. https://monitoring.solaredge.c... – access date 19.09.2017 r.
22. http://samochodyelektryczne.or... – access date 23.03.2018.
23. – access date 23.03.2018.
24. – access date 23.03.2018.